Activity profile: applied research and services in the field of control and monitoring of the environmental quality components: water, air, soil, sediments and wastes, the entire activity being characterized by “QUALITY AND PROMPT ACTION” and by the constant endeavor to offer to those cu are interested the most competent and rapid answers during the control and monitoring services of the environmental quality.
The laboratory within The Pollution Control Department are accredited RENAR according to the requirements of the referential SR EN ISO/CEI 17025:2005 meet the requirements of the referential SR CEN/TS 15675:2009, for measuring the air pollutants and are certified by the Ministry of Health the Direction of Policies and strategies for Health and for monitoring and control of the potable water quality monitoring.
As response to the new imposed requirements of the environmental legislation aligned to the EU requirements or for the solving a series of issues arising in relation to the way that the monitoring and control of the level of environmental pollution has been initiated and realized within the Laboratory, the research and applied activities can be grouped in several themes directions:
Development/ Optimization and validation of some analytic methods for the organic and inorganic pollution new regulated in the environmental legislation for which there are not standardized methods at the international level
- Elaboration and internal validation of the chromatographic method (GC-MS, HPLC-MS, HRGC_ HRMS) precise, sensitive and selective that can allow the analysis of the substances included in the list of priority substances or of other compounds new introduced in the environmental legislation.
- Tests to establish the methods for quantification of the mobile forms of metals from soils, sludges and sediments.
The development of the analytic control of different classes of drugs from waste waters and effluents of the municipal waste water treatment and from surface waters.
The large use of different categories of drugs questions if they can be found also in environmental components, after their use by the population. Because, for these categories of substances there are not standardized methods, it has been initiated the elaboration and validation of some chromatographic methods (HPLC-MS) for the determination of trace amounts of drugs (antibiotics, antipathetic , diuretics/antiseptics, analgesic/anti -inflammatory, estrogen hormones) and of residual products, from waste water and surface water.
Physical-Chemical complex studies regarding the potable water quality from the source until consumer.
For knowing the quality of obtained potable water in different capture sources (from surface or from ground) treated using different treatment processes are necessary analytical investigation on periods of minimum 12 months, for all physical -chemical parameters included in the potable water law nr. 458.
Tests include raw water sources, waters from different treatment process phases, water for potable use and the water from the consumer. The obtained data are statistically interpreted, and conclusions regarding the potable water quality are communicated to the authorities and population in the investigated areas. Tests have been performed at consumers from national cities or rural zones to check the process of metals migration from households installations (valves, tubs, nipples) when making contact with potable water.
Studies regarding the influence of the used materials in the potable water distribution systems namely the influence of the toxic material migration process from households installations into the potable water.
The development and implementation of some modern techniques in the filed of environmental judiciary analyses that can allow to rapid identify the discharged substances in the case of accidental pollution.
The most frequent situations of this type are due to the accidental on intentional leakages of oil products. Through the development/optimization and validation of some gas-chromatographic methods for organic compounds specific to the oil products, one can identify the nature of the discharged products and possible their origin.
Laboratory for water, soil, waste control
Head of Laboratory: Galaon TOMA
Phone: +40 21 410 03 77 / 110
The research activity developed within the laboratory is dedicated to the air pollution, phonic pollution, and olfactory pollution control, the main research activities that have been approached in last years are:
The development and validation of new methods for the determination of gas pollutants emitted in the air from fixed sources, present in the ambient air and the indoor air
- Determination of aldehydes and ketones from the fixed sources and from indoor (non-industrial, residential and museums).
- Determination of organic acids (formic and acetic acids) present in the indoor air and especially in the spaces that have new furnishers or within the museums.
- New and performant method to determine concentration in gases with green-house effect (CO2, CH4, N2O).
- New method to determine the reduced concentration of sulfur in fuels and wastes.
Assessment of the chemical, phonic pollution through mathematic modeling
- The studies regarding the ambient air quality based on mathematic modeling of dispersion pollutants emitted in the air from fixed, mobile and surface sources.
- The assessment for the noise level nearby industrial areas by mathematic modeling and elaboration of the industrial noise maps.
- Correlation studies for chemical/phonic pollution in the urban area with intense cars traffic.
Assessment for the indoor air quality
- Methods and methodologies for indoor air quality assessment from office buildings, residential and museums for reducing the air pollution impact on the population health and/or for the preventive conservation of the exposed objects.
- Assessment studies of the quality and statistical interpretation of data through the correlation and regression analyses.
Studies regarding the air pollution within industrial areas
- Evaluation of air quality nearby the industrial areas influenced by the fixed sources emissions by measuring/interpretation or by mathematic modeling of the air pollutants dispersions.
- Assessment methodology for metal, metal alloys and metal alloys plating corrosiveness in industrial areas.
Research regarding the assessment of the emission level for green -house gases
- Methods and methodologies to assess of green-house gases emissions based on the determination of oxidation factors and the specific emissions and physic-chemical characterization of the fuels.
Assessment of the surrounding pollution area by direct measurements and through mathematic modeling (Law 104/2011; STAS 12574-87)
Validation Studies and comparing the characterization methods for fuels applied in laboratories of the economic agents by reporting the obtained results by an accredited laboratory according to the requirements of standards SR EN ISO/CEI 17025: 2005
Studies for the assessment of the level of odor generated by industrial activities
- Implementation of the method to determine the level of odor through dynamic olfactory - metrics (olfactory-metrics)
- Assessment methodology for the evaluation of the odor level of the margin building of the industrial units and in the sensitive areas in order to reduce the generated impact on the health and human comfort.
Laboratory for air pollution control
Head of Laboratory: Elena BUCUR
Phone: +4021 410 03 77 / 132
The research and development activity carried out within the laboratory is aligned to the national and international requirements designated for the control/monitoring of pollution and potential risk evaluation on the surrounding environment through the multidisciplinary approach of the methods: chemical, biological, microbiological, ecological, eco-toxicological, biochemical and molecular biology.
Main thematic directions of the practiced research can be grouped as follows:
Development/Implementation of biological, bacteriological and ecological methods for the quality control of the surrounding environment according to national environmental legislation/EU regulations and the international standardization rules EN, ISO, DIN, OECD, EPA using state of the art equipments and experimental plants.
Implementation of the advanced microbiological techniques
- identification of microorganisms in different environment matrices and characterization of their pathogenic and virulence potential;
- determination of the resistance profile to the antibiotics for the potential pathogenic microorganisms, isolated from natural ecosystems;
- identification of microorganisms from different chemical products (varnishes, dyes, cosmetics) and agricultural products (animal feed and poultry dejections).
Development of integrated methodologies/models to evaluate the ecological state of surface / ground water bodies taking into considerations the combined effects due to the anthropic pollution sources, climatic changes.
Assessment of the integrity of aquatic systems according to the Water Frame Directive and International Conventions regarding the reconstruction and sustainable use of resources based on the biological quality elements (fitobentos and phytoplankton, zoo-plankton, benthic invertebrates) and the classification of water bodies in ecological states based on specific indices afferent to the biotic communities.
Development of methodologies to characterize the ecological risk generated by the substances/ chemical formulations/ priority substances
Eco-toxicological evaluation and classification of the dangerousness according to the REACH Regulation and other international norms (Detergent Regulation, Pharmaceuticals norms, and Globally Harmonization Systems of classification and labeling of chemicals) for different chemicals / chemical preparations (pesticides, detergents, pharmaceuticals, metals, biocides and other industrial chemical products ) and contaminated environmental sample (soils, sediments, surface water, waste water, sludge) on the aquatic microorganisms ( fish, plantonic shellfish, ostracodes, ciliates, rotifers, microalgae, luminescent bacteria, macrofytes) and terrestrial (high/tall plants) .
Establishing the effects of chemicals on the enzymatic fish systems and identification of the induced modifications at the level of organs and tissues using biochemical techniques (enzymatic, histological).
Assessment of the ecological risk (direct and complementary in according to the international norms) of the surface water environmental factor due to the pollution with the dangerous/priority dangerous chemical substances.
Aerobic primary and finally biodegradability assessment of the chemicals (including detergents, cleaning products, disinfection products, used waters, oils, plastic materials) using standardized methods OECD/ISO/EN and supplying the necessary information for the filling in the technical and safety data sheets.
Using the modern techniques of biochemistry and molecular biology: RT-PCR (detection of mRNA expression at the transactional level) and SDS-PAGE (detection of proteins - translational level) to highlight the sub-lethal toxicity at the level of subcellular structures of the alive organisms and the identification / cauterization of the molecular markers of alive organisms induced b y surroundings environmental changes.
Establishing the toxic effect of the contaminated/polluted environmental samples soils, sediments, surface water, waste water, sludge) on aquatic organisms fishes, plantonic shellfish, ostracodes, ciliates, rotifers, microalgae, luminescent bacteria, macrofytes) and terrestrial (tall plants)
Biologic Analyses Laboratory
Head of Laboratory: Mihai NITA-LAZAR
Phone: +40 21 410 03 77 / 242